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CBD 101 – The Basics

What is CBD?

CBD (Cannabidiol) is a therapeutic compound (also called as “cannabinoid”) found in the flowers and leaves of the cannabis plants. Unlike THC (another well-known cannabinoid found in cannabis plants), CBD has no psychoactive properties, and won’t make you feel “high”. With over 114 types of Cannabinoids that can be derived from Cannabis plants, CBD is one of the most powerful, offering health benefits that could help curb stress, support joint, reduce discomfort, promote better sleep, uplift your overall mood, and much more. CBD can be found in hemp, as well as in marijuana.

What’s the difference between Cannabis, Hemp and Marijuana?

First of all, CBD is NOT marijuana. This is a common myth for a lot of people. CBD is a cannabinoid extracted from cannabis plant. Cannabis plant has many species which include both hemp and marijuana. When Farm Bill was passed and approved by Federal Government in 2018, it’s regulated THC in hemp has to stay less than 0.3%. Marijuana on the other hand will contain high levels of THC which could give you the “high”.

What are the Cannabinoids?

Cannabinoids are a group of active compounds that are produced by cannabis plants or the mammal bodies (yep, that includes us human, our puppies and kitties.). Cannabinoids in plants have a technical name called “phytocannabinoids“. “Phyto” means “by plant”. Cannabinoids produced by human or other mammal bodies are called “endocannabinoids“. “Endo” means “within”.

What’s Endocannabinoid System (ECS)?

The Endocannabinoid System is responsible for regulating the neurotransmitters and influencing the neuron communication within the body, specifically in response to the presence of cannabinoids. The system plays an essential role in the development of the central nervous system as well as synaptic plasticity (learning and memory). It is composed of receptors, endocannabinoids, and the enzymes needed for the creation and degradation of endocannabinoids. The main receptors used to mediate endocannabinoids are CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are found mainly in the central nervous system, specifically in the in the cortex, basal ganglia, hippocampus, and cerebellum. There, they are present in the axon terminals and pre-terminal axon segments, towards where they connect. It directs cognitive actions related to coordination, mood, thinking, memory, and appetite. CB2 receptors on the other hand are not nearly as present in the CNS as CB1 and are found in the vascular (blood carrying) and microglia (immune defense) segments of the body to regulate pain and inflammation.

What are Terpenes and What Roles Do They Play in CBD?

Terpenes are the chemical compounds of the cannabis plant that are the cause of aromatics and taste. They play a vital role when it comes to the differentiation of effect in various strains. Some terpenes promote relaxation, while others may energize or help you focus. Terpenes can also be found in many other herbs, fruits, and plants.
Here are some common terpenes found in cannabis plant as well as natural herbs, fruits, and plants:

How Much CBD Should I take?

Everyone is different when it comes to CBD dosing. Each individual’s endocannabinoid system is quite unique, so it may take a bit of experimentation to find the perfect balance. The rule of thumb is to start at a low dosage and stay slow. Working your way up if necessary — some people find a small dose works wonders, while others may need a much higher dose to achieve the desired effect. With consistent, daily use over time, your endocannabinoid system (ECS) becomes more sensitive and receptive, which results in greater beneficial effects.

What are the differences between Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum and Isolate?

Full spectrum CBD also includes flavonoids; the natural fatty acids found in hemp, terpenes and other cannabinoids such as CBG, CBN and trace amounts of THC (0.3% or less). There are indications that these compounds work in concert to enhance therapeutic value or “Entourage Effect”.
Broad Spectrum CBD contains a similar array of compounds as Full Spectrum, but with all THC removed. Manufacturers use a specific process to isolate and remove trace amounts of THC, while preserving the other, naturally occurring compounds. Broad Spectrum CBD is a good choice for individuals who don’t want any traces of THC in their system.
Isolate is literally CBD that has been isolated from all other cannabinoids. For people who are interested in Isolate, be it due to sensitivities or other reasons, it’s important to pay attention to purity, as levels can differ between manufacturers.
At Anise CBD, we believe the power of all compounds from hemp. That’s why we present you with high quality organic Full Spectrum CBD oil.
We do not intend to provide medical information, and our products are not intended to cure or treat any disease. We recommend consulting your doctor if you have any questions regarding CBD.